Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik <div id="journalDescription"> <p align="justify">Journal title : Jurnal Ilmiah kesehatan<br />ISSN : <a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1180425291">1978-3167</a> (e) <a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1488253586">2580-135X</a> (p)<br />DOI Prefix : 10.48144/jik<br />Type of peer-review : Single blind<br />Indexing : Google Scholar<br />Frequency : Biannualy (Maret &amp; September)</p> </div> Universitas Muhammadiyah Pekajangan Pekalongan en-US Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 1978-3167 Terapi Back Massage untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Tidur dan Menurunkan Kecemasan Pasien Di ICU https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1424 <p>Massage can relax muscles, improve blood circulation, reduce pain and anxiety, and improve sleep quality by increasing comfort. However, there is little research on whether back massage improves sleep quality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. This study investigated the effect of back massage on improving vital signs, sleep quality, anxiety, and depression in ICU patients. This study used a quasi-experimental design with a convenience sampling approach to sample ICU patients. The experimental group received back massages for three consecutive days (n = 20), whereas the control group received usual care (n = 20). The Verran and Snyder-Halpern scales and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used, and sleep time was recorded. The effect of the intervention was examined using a generalized estimation equation model with robust standard errors and a time-adjusted exchanMassage can relax muscles, improve blood circulation, reduce pain and anxiety, and improve sleep quality by increasing comfort. However, there is little research on whether back massage improves sleep quality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. This study investigated the effect of back massage on improving vital signs, sleep quality, anxiety, and depression in ICU patients. This study used a quasi-experimental design with a convenience sampling approach to sample ICU patients. The experimental group received back massages for three consecutive days (n = 20), whereas the control group received usual care (n = 20). The Verran and Snyder-Halpern scales and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used, and sleep time was recorded. The effect of the intervention was examined using a generalized estimation equation model with robust standard errors and a time-adjusted exchangeable working correlation matrix. The results showed that the average observed sleep time (measured by nurses) was 39 hours. Back massage improves breathing in patients, improves sleep quality, and causes significant changes in anxiety. These findings indicate that 10 minutes of back massage can improve sleep quality, sleep duration, breathing, and anxiety in ICU patients. The application of back massage shows a positive increase in the sleep quality of ICU patients. Massage training and intervention theory should be further applied when developing critical care nursing courses. geable working correlation matrix. The results showed that the average observed sleep time (measured by nurses) was 39 hours. Back massage improves breathing in patients, improves sleep quality, and causes significant changes in anxiety. These findings indicate that 10 minutes of back massage can improve sleep quality, sleep duration, breathing, and anxiety in ICU patients. The application of back massage shows a positive increase in the sleep quality of ICU patients. Massage training and intervention theory should be further applied when developing critical care nursing courses.</p> Barkah Waladani Putra Agina Widyaswara Suwaryo Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 16 2 53 63 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1424 Indonesian anti-inflammation herbs mechanism: mini review https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1453 <p>This mini-review aims to provide an overview of some commonly used anti-inflammatory herbs in Indonesia. Inflammation is a complex physiological response that plays a role in various diseases, and herbal remedies have been used traditionally in Indonesian culture for their potential anti-inflammatory properties. We utilize Portal Garuda as the primary database for searching herbs with anti-inflammatory activity using the keyword "anti-inflamasi”. The selected herbs discussed in this review include turmeric (Curcuma longa), ginger (Zingiber officinale), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), and cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp.). These herbs have been reported to possess anti-inflammatory effects through various mechanisms, such as inhibition of pro-inflammatory enzymes and cytokines, antioxidant activity, and modulation of immune responses. Moreover, these herbs have also demonstrated safety profiles in traditional use. However, further scientific research is needed to elucidate the specific bioactive compounds responsible for their anti-inflammatory effects and to determine the optimal dosages and formulations for therapeutic use. The exploration of Indonesian anti-inflammatory herbs could contribute to the development of natural and affordable options for managing inflammatory conditions, complementing conventional treatments, and promoting overall health and well-being.</p> Nuniek Nizmah. F Mochtar Eko Mugiyanto Wirasti wirasti Vanesa Maharani Novel Umarella Hilda Fitria Wulandari St. Rahmatullah Widyastuti Handayani Dwi Bagus Pambudi Riska Kurnia Oktaviani Achmad Vandian Nur Yuliah Wahyu Permadi Ainun Muthoharoh Thanh-Hoa Vo Muh. Nur Khoiru Wihadi Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 16 2 64 75 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1453 Perilaku Lansia Penderita Diabetes Mellitus di Pedesaan https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1481 <p>Angka kejadian Diabetes Mellitus (DM) di dunia memiliki kecenderungan meningkat setiap tahun.<br />Peningkatan di Negara berkembang meningkat 2 kali lebih banyak, peningkatan kejadian DM tidak<br />hanya di wilayah perkotaan saja, tetapi juga di daerah pedesaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk<br />mengetahui perilaku lansia penderita penyakit DM di Pedesaan Kabupaten Pekalongan. Rancangan<br />penelitian adalah cross sectional dengan tekhnik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan tekhnik<br />purposive sampling. Analisa data menggunakan analisis univariat untuk mengetahui perilaku lansia<br />penderita DM di Pedesaan di Kabupaten Pekalongan. Jumlah responden diperoleh sebanyak 124<br />yang sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi yaitu lansia dengan riwayat penyakit diabetes mellitus<br />lebih dari 1 tahun dan lansia yang mampu berkomunkasi secara verbal dan kooperatif.<br />Hasil penelitian didapatkan perilaku lansia penderita DM di pedesaan Kabupaten Pekalongan<br />adalah perilaku merokok setiap hari sebesar 30,65%, perilaku tidak pernah melakukan aktifitas fisik<br />sebesar 66,94%, dan perilaku mengkonsumsi makanan manis sebesar 41,94%. Dapat disimpulkan<br />bahwa perilaku lansia penderita DM di pedesaan di Kabupaten Pekalongan merupakan perilaku<br />yang tidak sehat, peneliti berharap perawat komunitas agar tetap memperhatikan dan<br />memberdayakan keluarga yang memiliki lansia agar dapat membantu dan merubah perilaku yang<br />tidak sehat pada lansia agar kualitas kehidupan lansia penderita DM menjadi lebih optimal.</p> Dwi Fijianto Herni Rejeki Tri Sakti Wirotomo Siti Rofiqoh Firman Faradisi Nurul Aktifah Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 16 2 76 82 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1481 Faktor Risiko Kejadian De Quervain Syndrome pada Pemain Game Online Mobile Legends Bang Bang https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1508 <p><strong><em>The internet is not only used to find information but also as a means of entertainment such as playing online games. One of teenagers’ most popular online games is Mobile Legends Bang Bang. Playing mobile legends bang bang games excessively can cause a risk of repeated injuries that lead to de quervain syndrome. This study aims to: determine the risk factors for the incidence of de quervain syndrome in E-sport UKM Saint NU Institute of Technology Pekalongan. This study used quantitative methods with an analytical observational research design with a cross-sectional approach. The population of members of the E-sport UKM Institut Teknologi and Saint NU Pekalongan is 60. A sample of 53 corresponds to the of inclusion and exclusion criteria of the total population. Data analysis using fisher test. The results of this study, where the age with the category of late adolescence as much as 42 (79%). The duration of playing online games is 44 (83%) in the high player category. There were 38 respondents (72%) positive for de quervain syndrome as evidenced by the finkelstein test. Based on data analysis using the Fisher test, a p value of 0.040 was obtained for the relationship of age with de quervain syndrome and a p value of 0.037, so there is a relationship between age and de quervain syndrome and there is a relationship between the duration of playing online games with de quervain syndrome. The results of this study can be a reference and understanding of ergonomic and musculoskeletal physiotherapy related to cases of de quervain syndrome caused by age and duration of playing online games.</em></strong></p> Lia Dwi Prafitri Indah Aulia Afkan Sigit Prasojo Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 16 2 83 91 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1508 The Preeclampsia Screening Method Using MAP and ROT in Third Trimester Pregnant Women https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1529 <p>Preeclampsia can contribute to a direct impact on the mother and fetus. Various problems that can threaten the life of a mother with preeclampsia. There is a need for routine antenatal care assistance and examinations by conducting Mean Artery Pressure (MAP) and Roll Over Test (ROT) examinations.</p> <p>The aim of this study was to identify two screening methods which one was more effective in detecting preeclampsia so that initial treatment of mothers with abnormally elevated blood pressure could minimize complications that might occur.</p> <p>Methods: The study was the prevalence ratio with cross sectional approach by assessing the association between Mean Artery Pressure and Roll Over Test as a preeclampsia screening method. The population were 62 respondents. The sample of 54 respondents were obtained in this study with accidental sampling technique. The instrument used an observation sheet. Univariate analysis was used for identifying frequency distribution and bivariate analysis with chi square test.</p> <p>Results: Less than half of preeclampsia screening with the MAP method in third trimester pregnant women with a positive result of 40.7%. Less than half of preeclampsia screening with the ROT method in third trimester pregnant women with a positive result of 38.9%. Less than half of third trimester pregnant women experience preeclampsia by 25.9%. There was a relationship between the MAP screening method and a p-value of 0.001 (&lt;0.05) and a prevalence ratio of 2.022. There was a relationship between the ROT screening method and a p-value of 0.004 (&lt;0.05) and a prevalence ratio of 1.152. The most influential screening method in detecting preeclampsia was the MAP method with an RR value of 11.694, meaning that the MAP method was 11.694 greater in detecting preeclampsia, while the ROT method was 5.067 in detecting preeclampsia.</p> <p>Conclusion: The most influential screening method in detecting preeclampsia was the MAP method</p> INTAN KARLINA Diani Aliansy Yuyun Yunengsih Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 16 2 91 99 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1529 Perpesi Tentang Penggunaan Antigout Konvensional-Fitoterapi Terhadap Efektivitas Terapi Pasien Gout Arthritis di Puskesmas Kedungwuni I https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1502 <p>Based on data from the Pekalongan District Health Office in 2022 the highest gout arthritis occurs in the Kedungwuni area. Gout arthritis patients at Kedungwuni I Public Health Center use conventional antigout-phytotherapy to treat gout arthritis. One of the factors that influence a person in solving health problems is perception. Good perception results in good therapeutic effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between perceptions about the use of conventional antigout-phytotherapy on the effectiveness of therapy for gout arthritis patients at the Kedungwuni I Public Health Center. This type of research was non-experimental with an observational method. This study uses a prospective design. Sampling of 36 respondents using total sampling with purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using a validated questionnaire, consisting of statements of perceptions about the use of conventional antigout-phytotherapy. The data obtained was carried out by univariate analysis and bivariate analysis. The results of the univariate analysis showed that the majority of respondents were female (80.6%); aged 45-59 years (55.6%); work as a housewife (44.4%); graduated from elementary school (58.3%); suffer from gout arthritis for a long time (52.8%); type of conventional drug used Allopurinol (100%); The most widely used phytotherapy was soursop leaf decoction (33.3%). Most of the respondents have a good perception (52.8%); and the effectiveness of therapy is good as seen from controlled uric acid levels (66.7%). The results of bivariate analysis using the Chi Square test obtained a significance value of 0.002 (p &lt;0.05), which means that there is a relationship between perceptions about the use of conventional antigout-phytotherapy to the effectiveness of therapy</p> Sisca Windy Prastika Wulan Agustin Ningrum Ainun Muthoharoh St. Rahmatullah Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 16 2 99 109 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1502 Potensi Analgesik Ekstrak Etanol Kulit Dan Daun Jeruk Purut (Citrus hystrix D.C.) Dan Pengamatan Makroskopis Lambung Tikus https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1552 <p>Kulit jeruk purut dan daun jeruk purut (<em>Citrus hystrix</em> D.C) memiliki beberapa kandungan senyawa kimia seperti tanin, saponin, alkaloid, terpenoid, triterpenoid lupeol serta flavonoid. Senyawa-senyawa ini diketahui memiliki aktivitas farmakologis secara luas karena bioaktivitasnya seperti analgesik, antiinflamasi dan antioksidan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui aktivitas analgetik pada ekstrak etanol kulit dan daun jeruk purut yang tidak menimbulkan iritasi pada lambung tikus secara makroskopis atau aman terhadap lambung. Uji aktivitas analgesik <em>writhing test</em> dengan induksi asam asetat 0,7% dilakukan pada 8 kelompok hewan uji yaitu kelompok kontrol negatif CMC-Na 0,5%, kelompok kontrol positif asetosal 500 mg, kelompok 3, 4 dan 5 perlakuan ekstrak daun jeruk purut dosis 100, 200 dan 300 mg/kgBB, dan kelompok 6, 7 dan 8 perlakuan ekstrak kulit jeruk purut dosis 300, 400, 500 mg/kgBB. Uji keamanan lambung dilakukan setelah perlakuan selama 7 hari secara pengamatan makroskopis. Hasil dan kesimpulan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak etanol kulit dosis 400 mg/kgBB dan daun jeruk purut 300 mg/kgBB memiliki aktivitas sebagai analgesik sebanding dengan asetosal (p&gt;0,05) dengan gambaran makroskopik lambung tidak ditemukan iritasi dan normal dengan total skoring 2</p> Rosa Juwita Hesturini Dewy Resty Basuki Pri Hardini Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 16 2 110 118 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1552 Determinan yang Mempengaruhi Kesediaan Vaksinasi Covid-19 pada Ibu Menyusui https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1528 <p>Pencegahan Covid-19 telah memasuki tahapan baru dengan tersedianya vaksin Covid-19 yang telah melalui beberapa fase uji klinis dan dapat diproduksi secara massal. Vaksin digunakan untuk mencegah penyakit menular. Di Indonesia, total kasus Covid-19 hingga tanggal 10 Februari 2022 mencapai 4,66 juta kasus dengan jumlah kematian sebanyak 144.858 kasus. Data puskesmas Ingin Jaya Kabupaten Aceh Besar diperoleh 437 orang positif covid. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk diketahuinya pengaruh antara pengetahuan ibu, tingkat pendidikan ibu, umur ibu, pekerjaan ibu dan pengaruh dukungan keluarga ibu dengan kesediaan vaksinasi Covid-19 pada ibu menyusui di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Ingin Jaya Kecamatan Ingin Jaya Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian analitik dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Adapun sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 65 orang, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel purposive sampling. Ada hubungan pengetahuan dengan kesediaan vaksinasi pada ibu menyusui (p-value=0,044 Sig=0,048), ada hubungan pendidikan dengan dengan kesediaan vaksinasi pada ibu menyusui (p-value=0,049 Sig=0,037), tidak ada hubungan umur dengan dengan kesediaan vaksinasi pada ibu menyusui (p-value=0,606), tidak ada hubungan pekerjaan dengan dengan kesediaan vaksinasi pada ibu menyusui (p-value=0,658), ada hubungan dukungan keluarga dengan dengan kesediaan vaksinasi pada ibu menyusui (p-value=0,000 Sig=0,001). Hasil penemuan penelitian ini menyatakan ada hubungan antara pengetahuan, pendidikan, dan dukungan keluarga dengan kesediaan vaksinasi pada ibu menyusui di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Ingin Jaya.</p> Iin Fitraniar Sri Agustiara Anita Anita Nurbaiti Nurbaiti Nurlaili Ramli Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 16 2 119 127 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1528 Mengurangkan Kes Kehamilan Remaja di Luar Perkahwinan Melalui Pemerkasaan Pendidikan Dan Pertubuhan Bukan Kerajaan https://jurnal.umpp.ac.id/index.php/jik/article/view/1705 <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Kehamilan remaja di luar perkahwinan merupakan isu yang sejagat dan sangat membimbangkan. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Masalah sosial yang dibimbangi ini juga terjadi di kalangan remaja Islam, sementara kes hamil di luar perkahwinan dari sudut syarak diarahkan sebagai kes persetubuhan haram yang diancam dengan cucuk </span></span><em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">ataupun</span></span></em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> ta'zir </span></span><em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">jika</span></span></em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> tidak sabit had. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Kajian ini bertujuan mengetengahkan strategi yang dapat digunakan sebagai garis panduan dalam mengurangkan kes remaja hamil di luar perkahwinan melalui pemerkasaan pendidikan dan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Kaedah yang digunakan untuk menghasilkan tujuan daripada kajian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif dan menggunakan sorotan literatur sebagai kaedah pengumpulan data. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Penyelidikan ini dijalankan di Brunei Darussalam serta Merujuk kepada kes-kes yang berlaku di Malaysia dan Indonesia. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Kajian mendapati tiga skop pendidikan yang perlu diperkasakan untuk membendung kes hamil di luar perkahwinan di kalangan remaja, di antaranya adalah memperkasakan pendidikan dalam institusi keluarga, memperkasakan pendidikan di tempat pengajian dan memperkasakan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan yang bergerak dalam bidang pembangunan remaja. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Manakala cadangan yang boleh digunakan untuk mengurangkan isu kehamilan remaja ialah memperkasakan pendidikan akhlak, pendidikan kesihatan, pendidikan bahaya seks bebas sekaligus mebincangkan risiko dari sudut syarak dan undang-undang mengenai pelanggaran jenayah di kalangan remaja.</span></span></p> Khairul Amri Ismail Ibnor Azli Bin Ibrahim Hanan Binti Pehin Dato Haji Abdul Aziz Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2024-01-15 2024-01-15 16 2 129 141 10.48144/jiks.v16i2.1705